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Other Technologies

The Office of Technology Transfer facilitates the licensing and distribution of diverse technologies that support various technological needs.

OTT Case 20-021 | patent pending

The invention relates to the development of a unique, fully controllable, high speed, high-pressure, variable volume, reactor known as a Rapid Compression Expansion Machine (RCEM). The RCEM is used for studying chemical kinetics and is capable of an infinitely variable compression ratio up to 20, high positioning accuracy, and fully programmable piston speeds over 5 meters per second. The utility of this device has been demonstrated in a study involving reactivity build up during the ignition chain reaction sequence for transportation fuels and aid in the development of advanced engine concepts such as the homogeneous charge compression ignition engine (HCCI). The tracking of the intermediates during the pre-ignition phase as a function of time is a very challenging task due to the rapidity and explosive nature of combustion reactions. The developed RCEM can easily accomplish this in a very repeatable and programmable fashion. The device well suited for studying general reaction kinetics in the premixed gases, aerosols/dusty mixtures, and sprays environments.

OTT case 16-015 | U.S. utility patent 10,347,976

Unmet Need

Antennas have found numerous applications, especially in wireless network, near field communication, 3D integration, next generation data storage, etc. While the recent developments in antennas is attributed by low power, smaller size, and interface facility, the realization of complex antenna design and fabrication using cost efficient printed circuit board (PCB) technology is less explored. The current state of art utilizes techniques like Low Temperature Cofired Ceramic (LTCC) that is costly. PCB stacking techniques used with success for design of small wireless sensor nodes has opened a new avenue in designing cost efficient 3D antennas.

Invention Description

Researchers at the University of Idaho have developed a novel hemispherical antenna design that utilizes stacks of two-layer printed circuit boards to create the 3D hemispherical structure. The novel approach overcomes the implementation and fabrication challenges faced by the current state of art by leveraging PCB technology. This method provides simplified alternatives to wire based fabrication methods to realize complex antenna geometries. The novel approach offers considerable cost savings over the Low Temperature Cofired Ceramic (LTCC) technology, which is 20 times the costs of PCB based designs.

Market Potentials/Applications

  • Smart Antenna for mobile devices
  • Consumer electronics
  • Smart Grids
  • 3D Integrated circuits
  • Wearable electronics
  • Wireless networks

Key Benefits/Advantages

  • Cost efficient approach to create 3D hemispherical structure.
  • Smaller form factor
  • Reduced size compared to wire base antenna
  • Reduces overall cost
  • Need not remove copper layers below the antenna as compared to ceramic chip antenna

Development Stage
Tested

IP Status
Provisional

Publication
Design and simulation of a four-arm hemispherical helix antenna realized through a stacked printed circuit board structure

OTT case 13-001 | U.S. utility patent 10,351,455

Called N-E-W™ (Nutrient, Energy, Water), this technology uses metal functionalized biochar as a sacrificial catalyst with ozone for catalytic oxidation. N-E-W Tech™ can take many dirty waters to a level of treatment required for unrestricted reuse and recycling. Catalytic oxidation allows for destructive removal of most organic contaminants (it can mineralize them to carbonates) and sterilizes water (kills all microbial life including prions, viruses and bacterial spores). Mineralized nutrient phosphorus and nitrogen are bound to the biochar and recovered from the water. The nutrient-laden biochar can be recovered and pelletized for fertilizer use and as a soil amendment in agriculture.

OTT Case 12-028 | U.S. utility patent 9,691,556

Researchers in the University of Idaho developed an electrochemical device, comprising a positively charged electrode; a negatively charged electrode; a graphene layer comprising graphene having a substantially micro-crystalline grain size ranging from about 2 nm to about 15 nm, basal planes that are substantially planar, and a total electrochemical window of from at least about 3 V to about 5 V; and an electrolyte. In particular embodiments, the graphene layer covers at least a portion of the positive electrode, the negative electrode, or both. The electrochemical device can be connected to a power source. In some embodiments, the electrochemical device can be used to store energy or to provide energy. The graphene layer is capable of providing a capacitance ranging from at least 200 μF/cm2 to about 700 μF/cm2.

OTT Case 12-009 | U.S. utility patent 9,360,380

Streambed morphology is in constant evolution, causing scour and deposition processes. These processes affect engineering structures such as bridge piers, levee foundations, apron footings and ecological processes in addition to restoration, enhancement and improvement projects for streams and rivers. Monitoring streambed evolution over time is an essential component of river and watershed management. Limitations of current technology are the cost and difficulty of deploying a large array of sensors so that the distributed erosion-deposition pattern can be obtained. Researchers at the University of Idaho have developed a new scour-deposition instrument that is both a low-cost and real-time sensor. In addition to monitoring scour-deposition in real time, this sensor would have applications for quantifying streambed sediment thermal properties, benthic thermal regime and for monitoring connectively between stream and aquifer.

Figure depicts a prototype senor fitted with four temperatures probes (silver bands).